Far more in remarks
Rievaulx Abbey was launched in 1132 by twelve monks from Clairvaux Abbey as a mission for the colonisation of the north of England and Scotland. It was the initially Cistercian abbey in the north. With time it became one particular of the wonderful Cistercian abbeys of Yorkshire, 2nd only to Fountains Abbey in fame.[quotation required]
The distant area was suitable for the Cistercians, whose wish was to follow a rigid lifestyle of prayer and self-sufficiency with minor contact with the exterior world. The patron, Walter Espec, settled a different Cistercian community, founding Wardon Abbey in Bedfordshire on unprofitable wasteland on one particular of his inherited estates.
 Fiscal prosperity
The abbey lies in a wooded dale by the River Rye, sheltered by hills. To have ample flat land to make on, a small portion of the river was diverted several metres west of its former channel. The monks altered the class of the river a few instances during the twelfth century. The outdated class of the river is visible in the abbey’s grounds. This is one particular illustration of the complex ingenuity of the monks, who in excess of time designed up a really lucrative business mining direct and iron, rearing sheep and promoting wool to potential buyers from all in excess of Europe. Rievaulx Abbey became one particular of the greatest and wealthiest in England, with 140 monks and lots of a lot more lay brothers, getting grants of land totalling six,000 acres (24 km²) and creating daughter houses in England and Scotland.
Towards the end of the thirteenth century the abbey experienced incurred a wonderful offer of credit card debt with its building assignments and missing revenue due to an epidemic of sheep scab (psoroptic mange). This unwell fortune was compounded by Scottish raids in the early 14th century. To make issues even worse the decimation of the populace triggered by the Black Dying in the mid 14th century produced it tough to recruit new lay brothers for guide labour. As a consequence the abbey was compelled to lease substantially of its land. By 1381 there had been only fourteen choir monks, a few lay brothers and the abbot remaining at Rievaulx, and some buildings had been lowered in dimensions.
By the fifteenth century the first Cistercian techniques of rigid observance according Saint Benedict’s rule experienced been deserted in favour of a a lot more comfy life style. It was then permitted to take in meat and a lot more non-public residing accommodation was created for the monks, and the abbot now experienced a substantial non-public family.
See also: Record of monasteries dissolved by Henry VIII of England
Ruins of Rievaulx Abbey, 1803, by John Offer Cotman
The abbey was dissolved by King Henry VIII in 1538. At that time there had been mentioned to be seventy two buildings occupied by an abbot and 21 monks, attended by 102 servants, with an profits of £351 a yr. It also experienced a prototype blast furnace at Laskill, developing solid iron as effectively as a modern-day blast furnace according to Gerry McDonnell (archeometallurgist of the University of Bradford), the closure of Rievaulx delayed the Industrial Revolution for two and a half generations.
Henry purchased the buildings to be rendered uninhabitable and stripped of valuables this kind of as direct. The abbey internet site was granted to the Earl of Rutland, one particular of Henry’s advisers, right until it handed to the Duncombe spouse and children.
In the 1750s Thomas Duncombe III beautified the estate by building the terrace with two Grecian-style temples these temples, now known as Rievaulx Terrace & Temples, are in the care of the Countrywide Have faith in. The ruins of the abbey are in the care of English Heritage.
When awarded a lifestyle peerage in 1983, former Key Minister Harold Wilson, a Yorkshireman, adopted the title Baron Wilson of Rievaulx.
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